Division of labor
- Karl Marx discusses the division of labor at various points in his writings, and it clearly is a topic of particular significance in his thought. In his earlier writings, notably The German Ideology (1846), Marx talks about it in fairly loose terms referring to the various divisions of labor, for example, between mental and manual work and between town and country. Private property, class relationships, the state and ideology are all identified as consequences of the division of labor, and the claim that communist society will involve the abolition of the division of labor is strongly made in The German Ideology. Later, in Capital I, Marx makes a distinction between the social division of labor and the division of labor in manufacture or production. The former refers to the separation of functions in society as a whole, constituting a system of independent producers linked only in the course of exchange. In capitalism different entrepreneurs produce different commodities in what Marx sees as an unorganized form of “anarchy.” The division of labor in manufacture refers to the “despotic” organization of workers, each allocated a very specific function, and none wholly responsible for the manufacture of a commodity, only of a part of a commodity. As machinery advances and becomes more widespread in capitalist production, the worker becomes more and more an automaton, an appendage of the machine, crippled in mind and body, and possessing limited or no skills.Slightly more circumspectly than in his early works, Marx in Capital acknowledges the need for some technical division of labor and specialization, but the division of labor will no longer involve the individual being subject to structures and processes created but no longer controlled by human beings, and being dehumanized in work that denies the possibility of self-realization.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
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division of labor — the separation of labor into its components or into various distinct processes and their apportionment among different individuals, groups, or machines for the purpose of increasing productive efficiency: as a. : the distribution of occupations… … Useful english dictionary
division of labor — Ops the allocation of each task in a process to a different worker. Division of labor is a concept originated by Adam Smith in order to increase output. It enables workers to become highly skilled at one job, but they may lack transferable skills … The ultimate business dictionary
division of labor — Date: 1776 the breakdown of labor into its components and their distribution among different persons, groups, or machines to increase productive efficiency … New Collegiate Dictionary
division of labor — di,vision of labor noun singular the way that the work that needs to be done is divided so that different people are responsible for different parts of it … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
division of labor — distribution of work, division of a job into specialized parts with a few individuals assigned to each task in order to enable mass production of a product … English contemporary dictionary
division of labor — Econ. a production process in which a worker or group of workers is assigned a specialized task in order to increase efficiency. [1770 80] * * * … Universalium
Detailed division of labor — Detailed division of labor, one of the two aspects of the division of labor, is where the labor required for one product is distributed between many people, each producing a part of the final product. So instead of each worker making a product… … Wikipedia
Division of labour — is the specialisation of cooperative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and like roles. Historically an increasingly complex division of labour is closely associated with the growth of total output and trade, the rise of capitalism, and of… … Wikipedia
division of labour — diˌvision of ˈlabour , division of labor noun divisions of labour PLURALFORM [countable, uncountable] ECONOMICS a way of organizing work in which each member of a group has one particular job to do instead of each member doing a share of all the… … Financial and business terms
labor, labour — I n. work 1) to do, perform labor, labour 2) manual, physical; menial; painstaking; productive; sweated (BE), sweatshop; skilled; unskilled labor, labour 3) a division of labor, labour 4) (misc.) (a) division of labor, labour; a labor, labour of… … Combinatory dictionary